I am interested in trait and state manifestations of unique states of consciousness, and in their relation to psychopathology and stress. In waking, these may include phenomena such as dissociative experiences, altered consciousness personality traits, and maladaptive daydreaming. In sleep, they include special dream and sleep experiences such as nightmares, recurring dreams, lucid dreams, sleep paralysis, and hypnagogic hallucinations. Research carried out by lab director Dr. Nirit Soffer-Dudek focusing on such nocturnal phenomena of altered consciousness suggests that it reflects continuous arousal and emotional distress, carried over from waking to sleep. Recent work from our lab focuses on the specific relationships between dissociative experiences and depression and anxiety symptoms, and especially, links between common dissociative experiences and obsessive-compulsive disorder.