200px-Moshe_Prywes.jpgProfessor Prywes was the founding dean of BGU's medical school and the Faculty of Health Sciences. Born in Poland in 1914, he studied medicine in Paris and in Warsaw, and during the Second World War served as a medical officer in the Polish army. He was subsequently exiled to a gulag in Siberia, where he served as a physician and surgeon responsible for the health of some 28,000 prisoners. After the war, Prywes went to Paris, where he joined the medical management of the Jewish health organization OSE. In this capacity, he initiated and led the program to eradicate tuberculosis, trachoma and ringworm in North African Jewish communities during 1947-1951.

From 1951, Professor Prywes devoted himself to medical education and was one of the founders of Israel's first medical school, the Hadassah medical school at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where he was subsequently appointed deputy dean for medical education. Professor Prywes was the first president of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, serving between 1969 and 1974, as well as one of the founders of the medical school and its first Dean.

In recognition of his international contributions, the French Government awarded him the title of Chevalier de Légion d'Honneur. This was the first of many prizes Prywes received, culminating in Israel's highest honor, the Israel Prize, awarded to him in 1990 for his lifelong contribution to medical education. Prywes also founded the Israel Journal of Medical Sciences and was the Chief Editor until his death.