Studies and projects completed
Social and business organizations in Israel
The study draws public attention to the category of their organizations social goals, as third sector organizations but they do business methodologies to achieve them. Development of such organizations is a new phenomenon in the country and the world gained momentum in light of the economic crisis and the crisis that followed philanthropy.
These are three types of organizations with different legal entities: (1) social cooperatives; (2) social business; and (3) business activities through associations. Common to the three types of these organizations is their need to balance social objectives, such as Rehabilitation or empowering women living in outlying areas, and their ability to meet the conditions of competition in the free market and be profitable. So these hybrid organizations (hybrid organizations) Their main feature is that they often deal with the tension between social objectives and business activity.
The study identified 212 such organizations in Israel and careful review examined 31. He found such organizations are being established "around" three target populations: marginalized youth, women and the disabled periphery. Other category Organic food cooperatives. The study found that organizations that are being established for marginalized youth often through associations, the activities they emphasize the therapeutic side in the target population, their sales volumes are low and they find it difficult to build a profitable infrastructure. Organizations built by or for women and disabled people emphasize more the business side, their sales volumes are higher and are able to report profits, while paying fair wages to their employees. Despite the modest dimensions of this phenomenon now, judging from the beam in other countries has a broad development potential, if you win a supportive government policies and investments of support that will make M"philntrofim "social L"mskiaim". A particular challenge is facing managers such organizations, who must build a management system that relates to the complexity of this type of organizations.
Civil society in times of emergency
Second Lebanon War increased the civil society and its organizations in the headlines, sparking the debate several fundamental questions of the roles of third sector organizations and their relationship with the government and local government. Already during the war, and even more so afterwards, questions arose about the impact of this on organizations for construction and long term. Changes in activities, work environment, cooperation and other changes that organizations have experienced during this period can have far-reaching effects on the nature, function, and survival of organizations. The second week of the war it was clear that the center's staff we have here a new and important phenomenon that study it, understand it and to document, and should be done without delay, a "strike while the iron hot". Because of this rapidly deployed to conduct a study on the functioning of civil society organizations during the war. This study reflects the policy of the Centre to conduct research that is relevant to public discourse in Israel and who has applicability for determining public policy.
The first phase of the study was to understanding the functioning of civil society - citizens and their organizations - during the war, and how to adjust the organizations the activities circumstances of an emergency, the impact of deployment on their performance, their resources and their management, understanding their relationship with the government and local authorities during the war, and their views of where the organization civil society during times of emergency and routine. In the second phase of the study aimed to explore the long-term impact of the war on the organizations studied in the first stage, check if there have been significant ionic their work environment, stability and their mode of action.
The first phase of research was based on a combination of two research methods - a series of in-depth interviews with key people in 37 organizations involved in different ways responding to the situation in the north and a telephone survey of the adult population in Israel to examine the public's response to the situation in the north.
In the second stage we conduct a series of telephone interviews with organizations continued in the study in the first part.
The research team includes Professor Benny Wren, Dr. Hagai Katz, Ms. E. Levinson, Yael Alon, Ms. Einat Raviv, Ms. Hila Yogev Ms. by Jacoby.
Research report summarizes the findings of phase A was published in Hebrew and English. Also, an article based on the research in the journal Civil Society and Third Sector in Israel. Later we plan to expand research and add additional groups of organizations - other organizations involved in responding to the needs of the residents of the north, but were excluded for technical reasons in Phase I, local organizations small that it was impossible to contact them during the war, as well as organizations of involving Vaainot needs of the residents of the North during the war and used as a control group. In addition, we aim to add research dimension of international comparative comparing the performance of civil society during the war that the United States after September 11 and Hurricane Katrina, attended by US researchers. Bidding program to fund international research competitive research funds.
Civil society and local government: civil society organizations in two cities and three regional councils and local authorities to reference, 2000-2003
The work of Dr. Moshe muscle, Sybil Heilbronn Dr. Lazar deals oak important but hidden aspect of the third sector in Israel: the local-level activities and their relationship with the local authority. Very often get up civil society organizations around local issues and activities interact with the local reality.The study, which focused on two major cities in the center and three regional councils first, sheds light on this aspect. Differences in the mix of organizations between the cities and regional councils on the one hand, and between urban settlements and the settlements countryside on the other hand, direct the spotlight on the social conditions / demographic / political which are growing sector organizations, as well as to the roles that play third sector organizations in the local level compared to the ruling authorities local. The relationship between the organizations of local government authorities, as it appears from the study points to the ignorance of the authorities (municipal) for the active organizations within her, ignorance results of which is a one-dimensional reference Hmhmitzh the potential involvement of activists on social issues. The reference to the organizations is sometimes as "subcontractors" of authority, not as Factors to consult with them, include them in decisions, or at least hear your opinion.
The study opens an important new direction of research on the third sector, perhaps one day will bring mayors to see the development of civil society in their places worthy cause they would like to cultivate, and thus contribute to their settlement. The research report will be published soon.
Characteristics and trends of defiance among organizations for social change in Israel (1981-2001)
This study by Dr. Roni Kaufman and Professor Benjamin Wren engages in mapping and analyzing trends in patterns of establishment and registration of organizations formally established by citizens to protest and to challenge the various elements of public order accepted and demand and promote a controversial social. The last twenty years we have witnessed the phenomenon of a significant increase terms of quantity and activity of social change organizations in Israel and becoming a significant factor in shaping public discourse and political. through activities of paid workers and volunteers organizations controversial social influence public debate on issues that are the focus agenda national and local community. Social change participates in shaping public policy and the label values. Organizational Change also engage in social advocacy and protect the rights of disadvantaged population groups and disadvantaged.
Available in the research report center.
Philanthropic foundations and funding organizations in Israel - characteristics, functions, relations with the government and ways of conduct
The era of globalization and the market economy and reducing public funding to social, philanthropic foundations play a more and more important roles in society, in the whole world and in Israel. This study, by Prof. Gidron, Yael Alon, Ms. Avital Shlanger Dr. Raviv Schwartz, introduces empirical data on the "foundations and funding organizations" Israel - those listed in the country as well as foreign funds that are not listed here. Research of two parts: (1) macro image analysis of foundations and funding organizations registered in Israel according to the information given in B"msd data of the third sector. "This is a non-profit organizations (mainly associations and endowments), their main function is funding (of individuals or organizations). (2) Precious photos: analysis of in-depth interviews with a sample of executives or presidents of 28 foundations and funding organizations active in Israel, some of them are listed and some are not registered in Israel. To complete the picture were conducted in-depth interviews with representatives of 15 third sector organizations winning grants from foundations and 5 CEOs or former CEOs of government agencies involved in the operations of the Funds intensive.
Beyond the figures shown, Overview of "foundations and funding organizations' active in Israel reveals two distinctive features: (1) Israel there is a lot of activity of foreign funds. Estimated amounts.(Figures). This observation is the traditional support contact and Diaspora events in Israel, but in recent years the country operations of foreign funds many non-Jewish. Age of Globalization very prominent figure Israel imports large scale philanthropic funds, while the Western world accepted funds invest in international projects beyond borders. (2) Analysis of the funds in the country, compared with US funds shows a completely different orientation. US philanthropic foundations institution development related activities wealthy individuals who have dedicated their money for purposes that are set and built a framework that will ensure this activity for many years. Israel, the ethos of the institution Needy "related to national funds set up in the pre-state. These funds are based on many international donors' money and of the money donated decide the marriage of contribution or assume.